Monday, October 10, 2011

History of archaeology.

History of archaeology. IAN GRAHAM Ian Graham (born January 5, 1943) is a former Australian rules footballer who played with Collingwood in the VFL during the 1960's.His best season came in 1964 when he won the Copeland Trophy for Collingwood's Best and Fairest player. . Alfred Maudslay Alfred Percival Maudslay (March 18, 1850 - January 22, 1931) was a British colonial diplomat, explorer and archaeologist. He was one of the first Europeans to study Mayan ruins. and the Maya: a biography. 323 pages,83 illustrations. 2002. London: British Museum British Museum,the national repository in London for treasures in science and art. Located in the Bloomsbury section of the city, it has departments of antiquities, prints and drawings, coins and medals, and ethnography. Press; 0-7141-2561-Xhardback 29.99 [pounds sterling]. JAMES E. SNEAD. Ruins and rivals: the making of Southwestarchaeology, xxvii+226 pages, 18 figures. 2001. Tucson (AZ): Universityof Arizona (body, education) University of Arizona - The University was founded in 1885 as a Land Grant institution with a three-fold mission of teaching, research and public service. Press; 0-8165-2138-7 hardback $35. Maudslay could have no better biographer than IAN GRAHAM. Hisaccount is apt, careful, lucid and accessible. Maudslay fell in underJ.W. Clark but, on graduating, made for the Pacific colonies, where hefirst met Baron von Hugel who later took some of Maudslay's castsfor his museum back in Cambridge. It is not known how, in 1880-81,Maudslay ended up in the Caribbean; but there started his Mayaexplorations. Diplomatic acumen, perhaps developed in the Pacific, wasto serve him well. We learn too of his meetings with otherarchaeologists, including D. Charnay, and of how Maudslay inspired F.W.Putnam to investigate Copan. Maudslay was of the engineering dynasty (Lambeth Works, StandardMotor Co.), which may help to explain his ingenuity with mouldingsculptures and rigging cameras up! It is also interesting to learn aboutthe skills of his assistant, Lorenzo Giuntini. Yet archaeologists areleft curious for more detail about the provenances of some ofMaudslay's finds and casts, including the lintels on display in theBritish Museum and Cambridge. It is good to read that Mr GRAHAM hopes torepublish some of Maudslay's photographs. Discovery of its fascinating Southwest was momentous in theUSA's cultural history, and the region remains of the utmostimportance for American archaeology & anthropology. Dr SNEAD'Sappraisal of institutional, political and epistemological developmentreveals two early distinctions which, he argues, still mark studies ofthe region: divergence between the archaeologists'`scientific', historical purposes and the more rounded study ofethnographic context (the debate lasted long, of course--cf. SOUTH in`Reprints', below); and `rivalry' between expeditions from theeast (F.W. Putnam, N.C. Nelson, N.M. Judd, E.H. Morris, A.V. Kidder) andprojects mounted, with regional values for the young southwesternStates, from Santa Fe and Los Angeles Los Angeles(lôs ăn`jələs, lŏs, ăn`jəlēz'), city (1990 pop. 3,485,398), seat of Los Angeles co., S Calif.; inc. 1850. (notably, E.L. Hewett). It is areadable book, full of telling detail and references to other leadingfigures. See too SCHIFFER in `Reprints' and Saltillo in `Alsoreceived', below. ANN BROWN Ann Leslie Brown (1943-1999) was an educational psychologist who developed methods for teaching children to be better learners. Her realization that children's learning difficulties often stem from an inability to use metacognitive strategies such as summarizing led to profound with KEITH BENNETT (ed.). Arthur Evans's travels inCrete, 1894-1899 (BAR International series S1000). xxxi+509 pages,figures, tables. 2001. Oxford: Archaeopress; 1-84171-281-7 paperback. ANDREW ROBINSON. The man who deciphered Linear B: the story ofMichael Ventris. 168 pages, illustrations. 2002. London: Thames &Hudson; 0-500-51077-6 hardback 12.95 [pounds sterling]. Relying, in large part, like Mr GRAHAM and Dr SNEAD, on hersubject's correspondence and notes, particularly, here, on hisdiary, ANN BROWN has reconstructed Evans' explorations in detail,including extensive reproductions and transcripts of his jottings andsketches and (less successfully) some copies of his photographs. Sheprovides extensive commentary. Included are: a transcription of hisnotes on finds and a concordance for his collection at the AshmoleanMuseum; a fully referenced gazetteer gazetteer(găz'ĭtēr`), dictionary or encyclopedia listing alphabetically the names of places, political divisions, and physical features of the earth and giving some information about each. of sites, illustrated withEvans's sketches and annotated with remarks by other archaeologistsand detailed notes on present conditions; and a detailed appendix onpersonalities that Evans mentioned. This volume is an apt milestone forthe British Archaeological Reports. See too Labyrinth in`Mediterranean', above. The story of Michael Ventris is told very pleasantly and conveys agood sense of the man's startling bent of mind. In fact, happy toreport, the emphasis is on the detection itself, which is explained mosteffectively; and the book serves to introduce Linear B into the bargain. See too APOR & WANG in the next section.

No comments:

Post a Comment